Environmental protection


Environmental protection

Dead animals and slaughterhouse remains are, as it has already been emphasized, a constant potential danger as possible sources of infectious material and polluters. Spreading of stock infections and huge material damage it may inflict, as well as possibility of infecting humans, has become a serious issue the whole country should worry about. Safe removal of the abovementioned animal wastes, as sources of infections, shall not be left to individuals and their willingness to deal with it. Solution of these issues should be organised and based on scientific principles, as an obliging measure for every resident and every company that has any relations to the abovementioned remains.

All societies have therefore strived to protect themselves quite early by passing various regulations, dealing with the way one should treat dead animals and inedible side products of slaughtered animals.

Pursuant to Article 10, Paragraph 5 of the Law on Protection of Animals from Infections jeopardizing the whole country (Official Gazette SFRY, Number 43/86), the Federal Secretary for Agriculture passes the Regulation on Safe Removal of Animal Corps and Animal Origin Waste, as well as on conditions facilities and equipment should meet in charge of collecting, safe removal, establishing cause of death and vehicles used for transport of animal corps and animal origin wastes.

Former slaughterhouse manners of safe removal of animal waste by burying them in stock graveyards, disposing them pitfalls or partial processing in existing dog pounds, cannot any longer meet contemporary viewpoints and economically justifiable ways of resolving these issues, since they are anachronism under today’s stock production conditions, as well as a serious obstacle to its further development, not to mention all needs related to environmental protections.

Importance of safe disposal of animal origin waste could be seen from:
• Epidemiologic and epizooliologic aspect, and
• Environmental protection aspect.

Current epizootiologic and epidemiologic situation in the world (according to the World Health Organisation data) points at expansion of a great number of infectious diseases (foot-and-mouth disease, mad cows disease, etc.) and that we may openly say that the future of the mankind is a future of the infectious diseases that take they victims more and more every day in come part of the world. From medical, veterinary, economic aspect and environmental protection aspect, the biggest importance is attached to enzoties, the sources of which are related to a location in the countryside, so-called natural focuses of infections. A great number of expert profiles is needed to monitor their spreading and work on their extermination is tiring and long-lasting. Examples for complexity of suppressing zoonoses in our country are obvious in brucellosis, rabies, tularaemia, trichinosis, Q- fiver and other zoonoses.

All the above-mentioned reiterates that animal wastes are both from epizootiologic and epidemiologic viewpoint, a huge jeopardy to human and animal health. Hence the need for quick and efficient, and at the same time, safe disposal of the mentioned waste.

Dead animals and inedible side product so slaughtered animals are also the environmental polluters. Animal remains are organic mattes that is quickly degraded outside under atmospheric influences creating gases of unpleasant odor (ammoniac, sulphur hydrogen, mercaptan) as well as other products of decomposition (fatty acids, aromatic acids, that are direct or indirect polluters of the environment, air, soil and water. Such spots become dwelling places of stray dogs, rodents, vultures and insects.

Provided all the aspect are properly reviewed, it becomes obvious how important organised solution to the issue of safe disposal of slaughtered animals inedible side products, as well as dead animals is, aiming at prevention of spreading stock infectious diseases, successful protection and restoration of the environment and cost-effective usage of the remains.